Hobbes - Test 2

Hobbes - Test 2 - I. II. Hobbes (SIMILAR TO THASYMACHUS) a....

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I. Hobbes (SIMILAR TO THASYMACHUS) a. Ethical theory based on a broad World View b. Ethical Theory based on Philosophical/Scientific World View i. Like Plato but Hobbes’ view is different! c. Hobbes has a Scientific picture of the world i. The world is made of particles 1. Block of Concrete a. For Plato Forms make and keep the block! i. Block strives to reach for the forms b. Hobbes Yes, there is striving c. Basic Units (Endeavoring/Perservering/Conatus) i. Pulling in to maintain its integrity 1. Selfishness ii. From this, Hobbes gets general Principle 1. Everything will strive to maintain self 2. For people, this translates into self-preservation 3. Also – “Pursuit of Interests” a. Pleasure 4. Liberty Right vs. Claim Right a. Right to be at the concert, no right to be in the best spot front row d. Rationality i. Animals don’t have rationality/incapable of acting upon it ii. Humans have rationality 1. “This isn’t working out” a. Difficult to maintain/preserve b. Harder to get/keep things you want
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iii. Getting out of natural state Rationality! 1. Desires constantly being thwarted 2. Take steps to keep it from happening! a. Form a union/agreement/government i. Liberty Rights meshed with Claim Rights ii. Covenant 1. You help when I need / I help when you need 2. Golden Rule a. “Don’t do to others as you would have others not do unto you” b. Punished if you don’t follow rules! i. RULER! II. Clear Opposition between Plato and Hobbes a. Plato Reaching Out b. Hobbes Pulling in i. Hobbes is Thrasymachus III. Hobbes’ Ethical Theory a. Encapsulated as the Golden Rule i. “Don’t do to anybody, what you wouldn’t want them to do to you” b. Why this theory? Where did it come from? i. Imagine the case of Pure Endeavor 1. “The Natural State” 2. No way to pursue one’s interests a. Staying alive b. Happiness c. Pleasure 3. Saving Grace is Rationality
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a. Leads to society with rules and ethics b. Social Contract i. Not Static 1. Liberty Rights 2. Freedom to do but no one has to help and not hinder c. Society i. Liberty Rights – but now constrained
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Hobbes - Test 2 - I. II. Hobbes (SIMILAR TO THASYMACHUS) a....

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