What is Ethics-Day 1

What is Ethics-Day 1 - I. II. III. IV. V. Ethics a. The...

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I. Ethics a. The central question in ethics is: i. What is right and wrong? ii. How should they be defined? 1. Why just these definitions? 2. What happens if I do something that is “wrong”? 3. What happens if I do something that is “right”? iii. How should I live my life? b. Why do we give into temptation? i. ii. We are greedy iii. Desires can out run the intellect iv. Weakness of will. 1. “Lack moral fiber” II. Ethical Theory a. Normative Ethics – Tells us how to act rightly b. Meta Ethics – Defines all the important the important terms in the theory c. Moral Psychology – Tells Why? we do the things we do i. Rediscovered by us on first day d. Applied and Professional Ethics – i. Applied – Should I cheat so I can win? ii. Professional – Medical/Legal/Business III. What are the data from which we build ethical theories and what are the data that will support an ethical theory? a. Data For Building i. Common Sense 1. Moral intuitions
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2. Pre-Analytic Ideas about ethics a. Give Some Examples b. Examples must be as clear as possible, because you can’t get more accuracy or precision in a theory than you have in data i. Aristotle IV. A clear starting point a. Torturing animals for fun is wrong b. Very few such clear starting points V. What data support or confirm ? a. A good usable ethical theory will give the right answer to easy questions and will identify the hard questions as hard – And will give a range of acceptable answers to the hard questions. b. But how do we know what are the right answers and which are the easy/difficult questions? i. Common Sense VI. Why is “Common Sense” as confirmation unsettling? i. Common sense may be relative from person to person ii. Circular VII. Defense of Ethical Theory a. Systemizing Common Sense is worth while i. Gives us a decision procedure ii. Rearrange so you can find everything you want easily iii. Closet and spring cleaning analogy b. A good circle is hard to find i. Vicious Circularity – Involved in a contradiction ii. Using the same data to prove as to construct does not necessarily involve you in a contradiction VIII. Another Way to Construct!
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a. An Ethical Theory can be derived from an overall, general picture of how the world works. b.
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2008 for the course PHIL 130 taught by Professor Parker during the Spring '07 term at Ohio University- Athens.

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What is Ethics-Day 1 - I. II. III. IV. V. Ethics a. The...

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