Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Summary and Learning Objectives...

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Chapter 2 Summary and Learning Objectives Chapter Summary Sociologists are committed to the use of the  scientific method  in their research efforts. In this chapter we  examined the basic principles of the scientific method and studied various techniques used by sociologists in  conducting research. 1.      There are five basic steps in the  scientific method:  defining the problem, reviewing the literature, formulating the  hypothesis, collecting and analyzing the data, and developing the conclusion.  2.      Whenever researchers wish to study abstract concepts, such as intelligence or prejudice, they must develop  workable  operational definitions.   3.      A  hypothesis  states a possible relationship between two or more variables.  4.      By using a  sample,  sociologists avoid having to test everyone in a population.  5.      According to the scientific method, research results must possess both 
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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Summary and Learning Objectives...

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