Chapter 3

Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 Summary and Learning Objectives...

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Chapter 3 Summary and Learning Objectives Culture is the totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material objects, and behavior. This chapter examines the basic elements that make up a culture, social practices common to all cultures, and variations that distinguish one culture from another. 1. A shared culture helps to define the group or society to which we belong. 2. Anthropologist George Murdock compiled a list of cultural universals, or common practices found in every culture, including marriage, sports, cooking, medicine, and sexual restrictions. 3. Human culture is constantly expanding through the process of innovation, which includes both discovery and invention. 4. Diffusion —the spread of cultural items from one place to another—has fostered globalization. But people resist ideas that seem too foreign, as well as those they perceive as threatening to their own values and beliefs.
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Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 Summary and Learning Objectives...

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