Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 Summary and Learning Objectives...

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Chapter 5 Summary and Learning Objectives Social interaction refers to the ways in which people respond to one another. Social structure refers to the way in which a society is organized into predictable relationships. This chapter examines the basic elements of social structure: statuses, social roles, groups, social networks, social institutions, and formal organizations. 1. People shape their social reality based on what they learn through their social interactions. Social change comes from redefining or reconstructing social reality. 2. An ascribed status is generally assigned to a person at birth, whereas an achieved status is attained largely through one's own effort. Some ascribed statuses, such as race and gender, can function as master statuses that affect one's potential to achieve a certain professional or social status. 3. With each distinctive status—whether ascribed or achieved—come particular social roles, the set of expectations for people who occupy that status. 4. Much of our social behavior takes place in
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Taylor during the Spring '08 term at Ohio University- Athens.

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Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 Summary and Learning Objectives...

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