Art History - ? Chapter 1 Notes - Prehistoric Period o...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sheet1 Page 1 ?Chapter 1 Notes - Prehistoric Period oPaleolithic Period ? ?Old Stone Age? ?Old and primitive period ?Around 50,000BC ?Artwork consisted of cave paintings ?Brutal period ?Average life expectancy was about 20 years oNeolithic Period ? ?New Stone Age? ?Begins around 9,000BC ?Neolithic Revolution ?Agriculture oAllows people luxury of staying in one place oCornerstone of civilization ?Domestic Architecture oWigwam, Huts, Lean-to?s oNative American Indians were considered ?Neolithic? ?Refined tools oSpears, Bows and Arrows ?Domesticated Animals oHallmark of luxury, stability, and permanence ?Pottery ? clay art oBowls and containers oExquisite decoration ?Aesthetics ? the love of beauty, the need for beauty oSeparates man from the animals oCivilization ?Around 5,000BC ?Literacy ?Writing and reading ??Urban? Life ?Division of labor ? farmers, merchants, kings, priest, etc. ?Organized Religion ?Before civilization, there was just shamanism ?Monumental architecture ?Great Wall, Coliseum oCradles of Civilization ?Cannot trace civilization back any further ?All started around same time ?Alls started independently ?Mesopotamia ? present day Iraq ?Earliest Cradle ?Around 4,000BC ?Egypt ?Around 3,000BC ?Southern India ?Around 3,000BC ?China ?Around 2,800BC ?Composed of two separated and distinct cradles of civilization ?Chapter 2 ? Egyptian Art oEgypt ? Latin named coined by Romans
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sheet1 Page 2 oAround 2,800-2,200BC oOriginally divided into tow separated kingdoms ?Upper kingdom ?Lower kingdom oAround 3,000BC two kingdoms merged into one ?Remained intact for 3,000 years oPg. 49 ? Palette of King Narmar ?Celebrated reunion of two kingdoms ?Narmar is the legendary founder of Egypt oPg. 51 ? Portrait of Hesy-ra ?Head is in profile (side view), body straight towards you lower body in profile ?Pictures were drawn like this for about 3,000 years oEgyptian art is often called stylized art ?Follows a formula ?Referred to as a changeless art, or a static art ?Very few changes oPg. 51 ? Mastaba ?Egyptian tomb ?Derived form Arabic word meaning ?foot stool? ?Modeled after Egyptian houses only smaller and made of more permanent material ?While houses were made of clay (adobe) tombs were made of bricks ?Body?s buried below ground, white top, house-like, structure, was used for prayer ?Ideally, reserved for one family, however the poor would often share oPharaoh ? Egyptian?s Ruler ?At first were buried in Mustaba?s until: ?Pharaoh Zosar commissioned Imhotep (worlds first artist) to build him ?the largest structure in the history of the world? oPyramids ?Pg. 52 ? Step Pyramid of King Zosar ?Built in Sacara ? oldest know cemetery in the world ?Sacara is more of a shrine than a cemetery oWas an oasis of greenery oArtificially irrigated oAll buildings built of or faced with alabaster or limestone oBrilliantly vivid colors ?Pyramid complex had living quarters for priests, groundskeepers, visiting quarters ?Pg. 53 ? Pyramid Layout ?Egyptians are buried with their material possessions
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/10/2008 for the course ART 111 taught by Professor Anderson,laurael during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Page1 / 42

Art History - ? Chapter 1 Notes - Prehistoric Period o...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online