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Unformatted text preview: Ancient Greek culture had major influences on todays culture; some of these influences include mathematics, government, art and architecture; they even did research in the field of medicine. Many cultures and religions have adapted their ideas from the ancient Greeks. Without the influences of the ancient Greeks our society wouldnt be the way it is today. The Greek culture lasted from around 776 BCE to 146 BCE (though it is argued to have begun around 1000 BCE), during this time they invented many technologies and refined old technologies. These things are what caused the ancient Greek culture to be such a powerful influence on western society today. Ancient Greece was known for its philosophers and mathematicians. The Greeks were very interested in science as a way of organizing the world and making order out of chaos, and having power over some very powerful things like oceans and weather. By the 400's BC, Pythagoras was interested in finding the patterns and rules in mathematics and music, and invented the idea of a mathematical proof (Ancient Greek Science). Pythagoras is where we get our Pythagorean Theorem in geometry today. The ancient Greek culture was fixed on proving that everything was true, they did this by using a lot of geometry; this is why geometry became so big in their society. The math of ancient Greece can be broken up into three periods: the early period, the classical period, and the helenistic period. The early period, was when people were first beginning to be interested in mathematics, this is when Pythagoras first came up with is the theorem. During the classical period a man by the name of Euclid, wrote a book titled The Elements, this book was a textbook to help people understand the basics of geometry, and it included geometric methods for the solution of quadratics (Euclid). During the helenistic period ancient algebra began to resurface. But none of these mathematical discoveries would have been possible without support from the government. Greece over time had many different systems of government some of these include: monarchy, aristocracy and a democracy. The society that we live in today was formed from of all of the good things from these various systems of government. Most scholars believe that democracy began an ancient Greece. Around 510 BCE the ancient Athenians invented democracy. In the Athenian democracy each year, 500 names were drawn from all the citizens of Athens. Those 500 citizens had to serve for one year as the law makers of ancient Athens. All citizens of Athens were required to vote on any new law that this body of 500 citizens created. One man, one vote, majority ruled. Women, children, and slaves were not citizens, and thus could not vote (Roots of Democracy). Greece was a collection of some 1500 separate communities scattered round the Mediterranean and Black Sea shores. At one point in ancient Greeks history there was almost 100 years serious civil unrest, but ostracisms fulfilled their functions of preventing a civil war (Democratic Experiment). Though the Greeks were recognized as being the inventors of democracy, theyre most recognized by the modern civilization for their artwork and architecture. Ancient Greek architecture advanced over hundreds years; starting in the new stone age, and ending in the archaic period. The Greeks are known for their large stone columns and huge stone buildings. Ancient architects are even credited for building one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the statue of Zeus at Olympia. The earliest buildings were built during the New Stone Age. Small houses or huts, and wooden walls around them for protection were widely used during this period (Ancient Greek Architecture). During the Bronze Age they began building larger houses and larger walls surround them. During the Late Bronze Age, under the influence of Western Asia, and the Minoans on Crete, palaces and big stone tombs began to appear; as well as paved roads, bridges, and dams. During the Greek Dark Ages the palaces were burned and the roads, bridges and dams fell apart. With the beginning of the Iron Age and the Archaic Period in Greece, we began to see a new type of building, the temples of the gods (Greek Architecture). Many structures and buildings built in the past and even nowadays are using ideas from of the Greeks architectural design. The ancient Greeks have been a blueprint of modern society today, without this culture our society wouldnt be as nearly as advanced as it is today. Because of this, this culture deserves to be researched and understood. What this culture has done for the world the past, the present and future is taught everyone a lesson. The lesson is; one unknown if you have known of lines against Iran and how to survive because without this culture we would be nothing. Works Cited "Ancient Greek Architecture." Kidipede. 17 Mar. 2008. 16 Apr. 2008 <http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/architecture/greekarch.htm>. "Ancient Greek Science." Kidipede. 10 Nov. 2006. 15 Apr. 2008 <http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/science/>. Cartledge, Paul, comp. The Democratic Experiment. 1 Jan. 2001. University of Cambridge. 16 Apr. 2008 <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/greeks/greekdemocracy_01.shtml>. "EUCLID." Ancient Greek Mathematics. 15 Apr. 2008 <http://www.math.tamu.edu/~dallen/masters/Greek/euclid.pdf>. Howe, Jeffery. "Greek Architecture." A Digital Archive of Architecture. 1997. Boston College. 16 Apr. 2008 <http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/arch/greek_arch.html>. "Roots of Democracy." Ancient Greece. 16 Apr. 2008 <http://greece.mrdonn.org/athensdemocracy.html>....
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2008 for the course CAMS 025 taught by Professor Shaw-colyer,eugen during the Summer '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.
- Summer '07