lec1_intro - WHAT IS ADULT DEVELOPMENT Systematic process...

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WHAT IS ADULT DEVELOPMENT? * Systematic process of adaptive change in behavior in one or more directions (keep changing til we die) A LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACH * Development is: * Lifelong: each period of the life span is influenced by what happened before and will affect what is to come, each having it’s unique characteristics and values, all being important. * A function of history and context : develops within a specific set of circumstances or conditions defined by time and place. They not only respond to their physical and social environments but also interact with and change them. * Multidimensional : development can affect multiple capacities or aspects of a person (personality, intelligence, and perception can be changing at the same time) * Multidirectional: development can result in increase and decreases @ varying rates, within the same person, age period, or category of behavior * Pliable, or plastic: Improve functioning throughout life span: Modifiability of performance (memory, strength, endurance can be improved with training and practice) **potential for change has limits BASIC CONCEPTS * Aspects of development (Each affect one another) * Physical: sensory capacities, organ and nervous systems, health and fitness, and motor skills. Once thought to be controlled by genetics, but now studies have shown that you can control your own to a greater extent * Cognition(Intellectual): changes in mental functioning—such as memory, intelligence, practical problem solving, moral reasoning, and wisdom * Personality: the unique way each person deals with the world and expresses thoughts and emotions * Social development: changes in an individual’s social world—the world of relationships, living arrangements, work and leisure. Example of Affecting one another: Physical and intellectual capacities contribute greatly to self-esteem and can affect choice of occupation—important elements of personality and social development. The Concept of Age * Aging: “An orderly or regular transformation with time of representative organisms under representative conditions” (Birren, 1998). -Why do people look different ages? Environment, resources/conveniences, money, time/historical context, nutrition, genes BASIC CONCEPTS Meanings of age * Chronological age: a count of how many times an inhabitant of this planet has orbited the sun. Minimum age limits for drinking, driving, voting, etc, assume that chronological age is a barometer of the ability to perform certain functions (not necessarily accurate because people act differently at all different ages) * Functional age: a measure of how well a person can function in a physical and social environment as compared with other people of the same chronological age. * Biological Age: measure of how far a person has progressed along a potential life span; it is predicted by the person’s
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lec1_intro - WHAT IS ADULT DEVELOPMENT Systematic process...

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