Pol 161 - April 12, uncertainty 5,10,17 Pol 161 April 12,...

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April 12, uncertainty 5,10,17 Pol 161 April 12, 2007 Rational Competition Model Rationality Ideology Party strategy Spatial Model of Party Competition Voter preference distribution and party placement on the spectrum - Last time Sociological approach, wrap it up Main Prediction: countries with many social cleavages will have more parties than those who have fewer cleavages. Is this supported? The UK – two party dominate Labour/Conservative Class Poland – Over 100 parties emerged when they transitioned to a democratic government The US – 2 parties dominate, have many cleavages India – 2 party dominate has also have many cleavages Therefore exceptions do exist – weakness of the sociological approach Implication of the sociological approach - Party system should change when societies change. As the class structure or other cleavages change, new parties should arise to deal with the changes But does this really happen? Not really, parties tend to adapt – sociological Approach has weakness addressing it. However Lipset and Rokkan try to address it. - Frozen party systems Focuses on the importance of mass enfranchisement and the cleavages that were in place at the time (males) Frozen party systems concept explains the general lack of change in the party systems of established democracies - comes down to when the right to vote was given to the masses (male), the cleavages at
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Pol 161 - April 12, uncertainty 5,10,17 Pol 161 April 12,...

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