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HISTORY HIGHER AND STANDARD LEVEL PAPER 1 Wednesday 17 May 2000 (afternoon) 1 hour M00/310–315/HS(1) INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE BACCALAURÉAT INTERNATIONAL BACHILLERATO INTERNACIONAL 220-001 10 pages INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES ! Do not open this examination paper until instructed to do so. ! Answer: either all questions in Section A; or all questions in Section B; or all questions in Section C.
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square brackets [ ]; substantive deletions of text are indicated by ellipses (three points …); minor changes are not indicated. Candidates should answer the questions in order. SECTION A Prescribed Subject 1 The Russian Revolutions and the New Soviet State 1917–1929 These documents relate to political activity 1917 to 1924. NB: Dates used are according to the new style calendar although this was not adopted until 1 February 1918. DOCUMENT A An appeal from the Central Committee of the Kadet Party, 3 March 1917. The old regime has gone. The State Duma has forgotten its party differences, has united in the name of the salvation of our homeland. All citizens should have confidence in this regime and should combine their efforts to allow the government created by the Duma to complete its great task of liberating Russia from the external enemy and establishing peace inside Russia, on the basis of law, equality and freedom . Forget all your party, class, estate and national differences. DOCUMENT B An extract from a lecture given by the American historian Richard Pipes in Vienna in 1995. The lecture was later published. Lenin took power not on behalf of the Bolshevik Party — the words Bolshevik Party do not appear in the early documents — but on behalf of the Soviet. And he intimated [implied] that he wanted to have a democratic transitional government; the word ‘socialism’ does not appear in the announcement proclaiming the overthrow of the Provisional Government which he drafted … it seemed merely a shift from dual power to unitary [single] power, under which the stronger power, the Soviet assumed full responsibility. It seemed to be just another of those government crises that had been occurring with increasing frequency since the Tsar had abdicated. The Bolsheviks contributed to this perception by calling theirs also ‘Provisional Government’. It was widely believed that as soon as the Constituent Assembly had met the Bolshevik Government would yield [give up] power. The Bolsheviks did hold elections to the Constituent Assembly, but when they gained only 24% of the votes and saw that the new government would be run by the Socialist Revolutionaries, they dismissed the Assembly … and set themselves up as a one-party state.
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2008 for the course IB 2002 taught by Professor Ibprofessors during the Fall '00 term at InterAmerican Barranquitas.

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