History HS P1 - INTERNATIONAL BACCALAURAT BACHILLERATO...

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MARKSCHEME May 2001 HISTORY Higher Level and Standard Level Paper 1 9 pages M01/310-315/HS(1)M BACCALAUREATE BACCALAUR&AT INTERNATIONAL BACHILLERATO INTERNACIONAL
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SECTION A Prescribed Subject 1 The Russian Revolutions and the New Soviet State 1917-1929 [2 marks] 1. (a) What can be inferred from Document D about the following? (i) Why the soldiers wanted to go home. Document D states that the soldiers wanted land and freedom. They wanted to go home to obtain their share of land which the peasants at home were taking from the landlords. They were afraid that they would fail to get any if they were away from their villages. Award [1 mark] for a sentence on land. Freedom could be inferred to mean freedom from the landlord&s authority or being out of the army. Award [1 mark] for either, but note that Document D does not mention the horrors of war. [1 mark] (ii) Why the soldiers now supported the Bolsheviks. The inference here is that the Bolsheviks supported both ending the war and land redistribution. Award [1 mark] for either of these or the implicit inference that the Social Revolutionaries did not support them. [1 mark] (b) What propaganda/political message is intended by Document E? The message is continue fighting the war. Award [1 mark] for this or something similar ( e.g . to encourage women to replace male deserters). N.B. Do not enter half marks or + and - but compensate between (a) and (b) if necessary for a final mark out of [4 marks] . [5 marks] 2. In what ways do Documents A, B and C support the assertion made in Document C that &Lenin wanted power, Lenin±s rivals did not want it²? For ±Lenin wanted power² candidates could use the opposition of Lenin to the Provisional Government, their policies and lack of revolutionary spirit stated in Document A. As well as his incitement to soldiers, workers and peasants to opposition, and by implication, to support him. Lenin&s ambition is spelt out clearly in Document C with his conduct at the All Russian Conference of Soviets, when he shouts that one party was willing to ±assume responsibility for governing,² implying that the Bolsheviks wanted power, and he their leader wanted it. For ±Lenin&s rivals did not want it², candidates could quote ±revolutionary defensism² from Document A and the ambiguity and caution of Document B to support the Provisional Government without assuming responsibility etc. ; candidates could, however, also contradict this in B with ±gradually gaining political control². Document C contains a definite statement from a leading Menshevik that no party wanted to shoulder full responsibility. Probably marks should be split 3/2 either way for each statement, or for those who tackle each document separately 2+2+1 in the most appropriate order. Specific references to the documents must be given for full marks but do not demand all the above material.
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2008 for the course IB 2002 taught by Professor Ibprofessors during the Fall '00 term at InterAmerican Barranquitas.

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History HS P1 - INTERNATIONAL BACCALAURAT BACHILLERATO...

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