Anne Moody History Final

Anne Moody History Final - The efforts of the African...

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1The efforts of the African Americans activists prompted the United States Supreme Court to render decisions and moved Congress to assume responsibility for eliminating discrimination and segregation in the South. Although immediately after the Civil War the Emancipation Proclamation had given African Americans freedom, their rights had not been protected or even initially enforced in the South. The activists argued in the Supreme Court, boycotted buses, and risked or gave their lives to gain their right to go to the same school, walk on the same sidewalks, and sit on the same buses as white Americans. They also argued to have the right to safely practice their right to vote in national elections. In the 1950’s, school segregation was greatly accepted throughout the nation. In 1952 the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People filed a suit against the Topeka, Kansas, Board of Education. The Supreme Court, with the arm-twisting tactics of Chief Justice Earl Warren, unanimously decided in Brown V. Board of Education (1954) that segregation was unconstitutional. Winning the Brown V. Board of Education was a great victory for African Americans, but it would only be meaningful when the ruling was enforced which was not until a few years later in Little Rock, Arkansas where nine black students had to be escorted by the
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2008 for the course HIST 1310 taught by Professor Marshall during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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Anne Moody History Final - The efforts of the African...

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