CLAS 267 2Feb - CLAS 267 2nd Feb Today EC civilization The...

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CLAS 267: 2 nd Feb Today: EC civilization! The Cyclades - 33 inhabited islands - Average size= 75 km2 - Poor farming: lack of water - Why live there? Different resources - Trade routes - Natural resources: . Obsidian . Marble . Metallic ores - Interconnectivity: alliances, gift giving, access to non-local material Chronology: EC period EC I: 3100-2700 BC EC IIA: 2700-2400 BC EC IIB: 2400-2200 BC EC III: 2200-2000 BC - Problems with chronology - Phylakopi, Melos EC I: 3100-2700 - Neolithic precedents - Mostly burials (cist graves) - 50 tombs (kinship groups?) - Single burial - Multiple burials - Contracted positions - Limited grave goods Ceramics - Thick walled, burnished ware - Bowls, pyxides, jugs - Incised herringbone decoration - Kampos type frying pan - Running spirals - Central star - Function? - Ritual? Marble Vessels - Found in tombs - Shallow bowls & pedestalled jars - Kandila - Craft specialization Marble figurines:
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- Plastiras type: hands across stomachs - Louros type (Naxos): short, stubby arms, Beehive caps - Schematic figurines: - Violin/ fiddle shaped - Groundstone/ chipped stone -
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  • Winter '13
  • GeorgeHarrison
  • Cemetery, Melos, Cyclades, EC IIB, EC IIA

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