birth controlllll - PAPALAS 1 Katerina Papalas Professor Romano Rhetoric and Composition 10 December 2015 Research Paper Contraception was legal in the

birth controlllll - PAPALAS 1 Katerina Papalas Professor...

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PAPALAS 1 Katerina Papalas Professor Romano Rhetoric and Composition 10 December 2015 Research Paper Contraception was legal in the United States even during the 19 th century, it was not until postal inspector and leader in the purity movement, Anthony Comstock, that a federal law was passed. The Comstock law prohibited the public sending of any article planned for the hindrance of conception and/or obtaining of an abortion. Some states in the country went as far as to ban the use of contraceptives as well as their distribution. The birth control crusade started around 1914 and lasted all the way to 1945. There were three major founders of this movement, Emma Goldman, Mary Dennett, and Margaret Sanger. These women were frightened at the thought of the penuries that childbirth and self-induced abortions brought to women in the United States. In 1916, Margaret Sanger had opened the first birth control clinic in the country and as her clinic grew so did her troubles; a year later Sanger was seen guilty of supporting a public nuisance and was sentenced to jail for 30 days. This minor pause did not seem to affect the movement at all because once released, she re-opened the birth control clinic and continued to endure more arrests. The civil rebellion began around 1914 with Sanger and the Free Speech League; this idea was created for women to challenge the Comstock laws. Later that year, Sanger released, The Woman Rebel ; an eight-page newsletter that came out every month with the famous slogan, "No Gods, No Masters". Her newsletter declared that every woman should be "the absolute mistress
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PAPALAS of her own body"(Sanger). She also invented the term, birth control which canceled out the phrase family limitation, that made its first appearance in the newsletter. Supporters of Sanger include, Mary Dennett, Jesse Ashley, and Clara Gruening-Stillman, who founded the Nation Birth Control League (NBCL) in 1915, which was the country’s first birth control organization. They carried on with Sanger’s work and beliefs while she was away in Europe. This group of 100 women or so was much subtler to Margaret’s approach which resulted in its demise in 1919, after a failed attempt to fight for birth control in New York. This was not the end for Sanger, she later created the American Birth Control League which is known today as Planned Parenthood. This organization was the best of it’s kind because it helped educate women of the various types of the dangers that came with unrestricted proliferation. Margaret Sanger never stopped fighting for what she believed in, even as an older woman in her 80s, she was still coming up with ways to better the birth control movement. She made it her goal to secure funding for research to create a cheap birth control pill. She met Gregory Pincus, a biologist who studied fertility and hormones. They agreed to work together to make Sanger’s dream a reality and the two connected with philanthropist, Katharine Dexter McCormick in 1953. McCormick was also a devoted sponsor of the birth control movement and became a main benefactor. She donated two million dollars for research with progesterone.
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