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Unformatted text preview: September 17, 2007 U.S. History since 1865 Chapter 20: Politics and Expansion in an Industrializing Age, 1877 – 1900 During the period from the 1870s to the 1900s, the Democratic and Republican parties largely avoided many social issues that had arisen from the era of industrialization. While popularity and competition for parties increased, as well as participation among voters and followers, attention was drawn toward the economy rather than social reform. Two major explanations for the increased interest and support for political parties are tariffs and civil service reform. In the years before war, the Republican Party had appealed to the common middle class people by expanding railways, increase the tariff protection and providing land subsidies to farmers. The Republican Party had successfully appealed to working middle class families by showing the government could be used as an essential tool to help protect the common people. Post civil war era, the Republican Party focused their attention toward turning their ideas of social reform into concrete political ideologies. The Republican Party catered to old-stock Protestant northerners, African-Americans, and immigrants from northern Europe. In contrast the Democrats believed the governmental programs implemented by the Republican Party exemplified the over-involvement of the government within the economic and social system. The Democratic Party also made a strong effort to reach out to immigrant followers. Democrats were also strong believers in the implantation of parochial schools as opposed to...
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- Fall '07
- History, William Jennings Bryan, middle class workers