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Sociology Exam 1 Study Guide

Sociology Exam 1 Study Guide - Day 2/Chapter1/Babbie Sui...

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Day 2/Chapter1/Babbie Sui generis --an idea, an entity or a reality that cannot be included in a wider concept, Emile Durkheim, Durkheim states that the main object of sociology is to study social facts. These social facts can only be explained by other social facts. They have a meaning of their own and cannot be reduced to psychological or biological factors. Social facts have a meaning of their own, they are 'sui generis'. Durkheim states that when one takes an organization and replaces some individuals with some others, the essence of the organization does not (necessarily) change. It can happen, for example, that over the course of a few decades, the entire staff of an organization is replaced, while the organization retains its distinctive character. Durkheim does not limit this thought to organization, but extends it to the whole society: he maintains that society, as it was there before any living individual was born, is independent of all individuals. His sui generis (its closest English meaning in this sense being 'independent') society will furthermore continue its existence after the individual ceases to interact with it. Sociological imagination —a quality of the mind that allows us to understand the relationship between our particular situation in life and what is happening at a social level Reification -- The error of regarding an abstraction as a material thing, and attributing causal powers to it—in other words the fallacy of misplaced concreteness. An example would be treating a model or ideal type as if it were a description of a real individual or society. In Marxist theory, reification is linked to people's alienation from work and their treatment as objects of manipulation rather than as human beings, and was popularized by György Lukács , but the term is given a variety of meanings by different schools of Marxist thought. Recursive —repeating itself, either indefinitely or until a specific point is reached, repeatedly applying function to itself (involving repeated application of a function to its own values “ The recursive nature of sociology in society makes this all the more vital, since any sociological understanding of society becomes a new social fact, likely to have an impact on that which was just understood and conceivably changing the nature of social reality. I have always felt we should regard society as autopoietic— as a self-creating entity. Sociology represents the Hawthorne effect with a vengeance. This also guarantees a never-ending need for sociological analyses. The sociologist’s work is never done.”
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Babbie on socialization Generalization vs. stereotype C. Wright Mills —coined the term “sociological imagination”, claims that “most of us are seldom aware of the intricate connection between the patterns of our own lies and the course of world history”, characterizes sociology as the intersection of biogeography and history Marshall McLuhan -wrote the book Understanding Media , proposed that information and communication were connecting the far reaches of the globe in unprecedented ways.
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Sociology Exam 1 Study Guide - Day 2/Chapter1/Babbie Sui...

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