A brief foundation for your work. Why is your topic important? This is when you answer the question – So what? Why did you chose to complete this study/experiment and why should anyone care?Use bullets or separate into easy to read paragraphs. This may include:Background information on water availabilityWhy is water treatment important?Description of the receiving waterway.The flow of effluent after it leaves the plant. The type of treatment facilityImages of the facility or the process.The information presented in the introduction must be cited. What Is a Citation?A citation is a reference that allows you to acknowledge the sources you use, and enables a reader to locate those sources through the key information it provides. Citations are placed both in the text and in the references section.When Do I Have to Cite?If you quote an author, even if you are only borrowing a single key word, you must tell your reader where you found the information. You also must cite a source: •if you restate an idea, thesis, or opinion given by an author,•if you restate an expert's theory or opinion,•if you use facts or statistics that are not common knowledgeYou should not quote another source directly. You should summarize, in your own words, the ideas from the source.