APESSemester 2 Final Review*Your final is on June 4 and will consist of multiple choice and free response. It will be worth 200 points and covers Chapters 14-23.*You will turn in your Hall Passes for Extra Credit on the day of the test so remember to bring it!!Chapter 14: WaterDescribe the availability (current and future) and distribution of freshwater on earth.What is groundwater and how is it stored? What is the source of groundwater?What is surface water and where does it come from?Describe the distribution of freshwater use.What are ways to increase freshwater supply in an area? What are ways to use less freshwater in an area?What are the pros and cons of using groundwater? Dams and reservoirs? Water transfer? Desalination?What policies can be put in place to support water conservation?What factors increase the damage caused by flooding?Chapter 15: Geology and nonrenewable mineral resourcesWhat are tectonic plates? What happens at plate boundaries?Explain how mineral resources are recycled in the earth’s crustWhat external processes cause geologic changes?What is a mineral and mineral resource?Describe the availability (current and future) and distribution of mineral resources.What is a rock and ore?Describe the rock cycle and types of rock.What are the environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources? Describe the different types of mining: what are the pros/cons?What is overburden? Spoils?What is smelting? What are the environmental effects of smelting?How can the supply of nonrenewable resources be increased? How can they be used more sustainably?Chapter 16: Nonrenewable energyDescribe the availability (present and future) and distribution of nonrenewable sources of energy.What are the nonrenewable sources of energy? What is net energy? Net energy ratio? Which energy sources have the highest net energy ratios? Lowest?What is crude oil and how is it used? What are the pros and cons of using conventional oil?What is OPEC and its significance?What will happen as the supply of oil is depleted?