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Unformatted text preview: • Organized his followers into a umma (community of the faithful) o Attacked Mecca in 630 • Established government dedicated to Allah Destroyed pagan temples and monuments (other symbols of worship) Rededicated Kaa'ba as Islamic house of worship o 632 - Pilgrimage to Kaa'ba • Hajj as example for devout Muslims Holy pilgrimage Islamic Beliefs • Most straightforward of themajor world religions • Written out in Qu'ran o Strict, but attainable, moral code o Muslim god (Allah) • Same god as the Jewish Yahweh and the Christian God o Muhammad insisted that he was the final prophet • Five Pillars of Islam o There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet o Prayer five times daily o Fasting during daylight of Ramadan o Alms for the poor o Hajj to Mecca • Jihad...
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- Summer '07
- Islam, Muhammad Quraysh Mecca, Muhammad Quraysh Mecca Khadija Medina Hijra, Hijra Qu'ran Allah