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Journalism 375 Exam 1 Review Sheet

Journalism 375 Exam 1 Review Sheet - Journalism 375 Review...

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Journalism 375 Review Sheet 10/14/07 10:33 AM Sob Sisters Essay: o The female journalist faces an ongoing dilemma: How to incorporate the masculine traits of journalism essential for success, while still being the woman society would like her to be. o Masculine Traits: being aggressive, self-reliant, curious, tough, ambitious, cynical, cocky, and unsympathetic. o Feminine Traits: compassionate, caring, loving, maternal, and sympathetic. o Female reporters and editors in fiction have fought to overcome this contradiction between masculine and feminine traits throughout the 20 th century and are still fighting the battle today. o Not much early fiction featured newswomenàBefore 1880, there were few newspaperwomen and only about five novels written about them. o Well known real-life newspaperwomen of 1800’s: o Margaret Fuller o Nelly Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) o Annie Laurie (Winifred Sweet or Winifred Black) o Jennie June (Jane Cunningham Croly) o Top newspaper positions were only for men and most female journalists were not permitted to write on important topicsà front-page assignments, politics, finance and sports. o Women were intended to marry, have children and stay at home. o To become a journalist, women had to have a good excuseà dead husband or starving children. o Women who tried to have both marriage and a career “flirted with disaster.” o Professional women in the late 1800’s: o Educated o Single o Middle or upper class o Young
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Attractive o Energetic/Enthusiastic about job o “Women flocked into newspaper work in the eighties”- Historian Frank Mott o By 1886à 500 females worked regularly on American newspapers o By 1888à 200 women work on NYC newspapers alone. o During the last 20 years of 19 th Century: o No more than 10 novels written about women journalists o Few chronicled women working as printers, freelance contributors, book reviewers, travel and fashion writers, crime reporters and editors. o 1900 Census recorded 2,193 women in journalismà7.3 percent of the profession o Few women worked as reporters in the newsroom at end of 19 th Centuryà many worked at home writing columns or articles thought to be primarily of interest to women. o Some were “Sob Sisters”à writing sentimental stories o Some were more adventurousà undertaking muckraking exposes (expose societal issues) o Female Journalist in fiction at the turn of the century: o The woman journalist in fiction at the turn of the century is “single and young, attractive, independent, reliable courageous, competent, curious, determined, economically self-supporting, professional and compassionate” –Historian Donna Born o Most female journalists in fiction ended up in marriages or disillusioned or both. o Most novels about female journalists written by men or women who worked in the newsroomà critics wonder why these novels did not portray the “journalistic sphere in its true light.” o Female Journalists in Movies: o It became clear that female reporters were perfect for film o Movies offered “meatiest roles” for female actors o
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