MME Lec10 - The Iran and Turkish Paths of Modernization...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Iran and Turkish Paths of Modernization Compared Lecture 10 *Both the Crimean Wars and WWI had downgraded the Ottoman Empire substantially. Ataturk and Reza Shah The Father of Which Nation? Mustafa Kemal (1880-1938) had an advantage over Reza Shah in that his reputation as a military commander grew out of his battles against foreign invaders rather than military service with the British By 1915 MK was already a decorated hero from the battles of Gaza, Suez, Damascus, Tripoli, and above all Gallipoli In Gallipoli the young officer was able to defeat the combined massive attack of British, French Australian, and New Zealand troops Between on-half and on-third of all invading troops were eliminated in two years of protracted trench warfare MK led a major campaign to repulse Anglo-Greek Invasion of Anatolia (1919- 1923) Ethnic Displacement of Ethnic Cleansing WWI involved major displacement (as well as killing) of the Armenian population from Northeastern Anatolia; took refuge in Syria and Russia 1919-1923 hundred of thousands of Muslim Greeks and Bulgarians were expelled
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 2

MME Lec10 - The Iran and Turkish Paths of Modernization...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online