MME Lec14 - Shade of Colonialism in Greater Syria: The...

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Shade of Colonialism in Greater Syria: The Making of Lebanon Lecture 14 Shade of Colonialism in Greater Syria: The Making of Lebanon I. WWI The most important Economic. political, cultural event in the Middle East (Elizabeth Thompson) 1. An entirely new polical order as Ottoman nationalism was no longer an option 2. Foreign military occupation 3. Fragmentation of the region and emergence of Euro type state system 4. Massive population loss i. 30% of Syrian population dies, 10% of French and German pop a. famine b. Disease c. Forced conscription The Great Famine Causes i. natural ii. political: the Entente Blockade (famine as weapon) iii. economic: food hoarding and high price of foodstuffs iv. military: confiscation of resources to feed the army and the deforestation for feuling trains and building rails I. The Crises of Paternalism (Thompson) a. The massive dislocation and death of WWI i. Produced class-based division for the first time; war widens the gap between rich and poor. People in army were those who could not pay their way out; pay bedel to avoid going to war. Some actually benefiting from the war (Sursuq family) ii. Disrupted the moral economy of the region and produced wide spread gender anxiety; men being conscripted and women are left to take on new roles within the family. Women are occupying new role. Gender norms of honor and protection are being violated (looks at popular poetry) iii. Enflamed religious tensions that did not exist prior to this. In general it would be Christiains blaming Muslims I. Post War economy a. The post war economic changes in Lebanon further widened the gap between rich and poor i. collapse of silk industry ii. collapse of the urban textile industry due to foreign imports as well as depressed rural markets iii. consolidation of wealth into the hands of the newly enriched urban bourgeoisie that made money during the war and can buy land in
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the rural areas from peasants who couldn’t shift from mulberry trees to more profitable crops (citrus) iv. customary division of labor changes; one of arguments of
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2008 for the course HISTORY 109C taught by Professor Tamari during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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MME Lec14 - Shade of Colonialism in Greater Syria: The...

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