MME Lec11 - Anti-Colonial Nationalism Lecture 11 The Common...

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Anti-Colonial Nationalism Lecture 11 The Common Roots of Anti-Colonial Nationalism in Iraq, Syria and Egypt Role of the army in the state formation a. Loyalty to a regional state, not to the “Arab Nation” b. The army became a crucible of national socialization by creating discipline, uniformity and transcending local attachments (Turkey and Egypt) c. Literacy and other skills Economic Dislocations causing rebellion Class and structural features common to Iraq, Syria and Egypt Destruction of local craft production due to flooding of markets with imported goods (silk, cotton, glass, and wool) Undermining the small peasant holdings thorough the consolidation of large estates of absentee landlords Emergence of privileged minorities who became the object of wrath: (Capitulation; Greeks, Italians, and Jews in Egypt; Maronites in Lebanon; Germans, Greeks and Jews in Palestine) Populism Challenges the Monarchies of the Middle East Populism or Petty Bourgeois Radicalism? The late fifties and early sixties saw the emergence of populist movements throughout the middle east that were driven by social reform and anti-radicalism These movements led by Mussadag (Iran), Nassir (Egypt), habib Bourgiba
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2008 for the course HISTORY 109C taught by Professor Tamari during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.

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MME Lec11 - Anti-Colonial Nationalism Lecture 11 The Common...

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