MME Lec13 - The Rise of Mass Politics in Egypt Lecture 13...

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The Rise of Mass Politics in Egypt Lecture 13 The Rise of Mass Politics in Egypt - Political, Economic and Social Upheaval in the Colonial Era The Colonial Economy 1. One of the primary aims of the British occupation was to gain direct control of the cotton industry 2. Cultivation of Cotton in the Delta increased from 18% to 27% between 1882 and 1909 o As the percentage of exports cotton rose from 75% to 92% o Egypt's major import was finished textiles o Egypt became a net importer of food by 1900 3. Peasant indebtedness and landlessness increased and the amount of land held in large estates rose 4. Industrial growth was linked to British imperial interests 5. Egyptian textile industry was suppressed to protect Britain's own cotton mills from competition 6. Massive expansion of railways/transportation links, telegraph lines, designed to facilitate cotton trade and assist in the maintenance of order 7. Main beneficiaries of British rule were large landowners o Poor peasants suffered most, while nascent effendiyya class and bourgeoisie were also held back Egyptian Society 8. The make-up of Egyptian society during the colonial period resembles a pyramid with a vey large base 9. At the top were 2750 families who owned 100+ feddans (1 feddan = roughly 1 acre), with 282 families owning 500+ feddans o At the turn of the century, 150,000 people owned 75% of the land 10. In the middle were the professional classes numbering 53,000 persons (67% were teachers) and below them small property-holders and merchants, numbering
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2008 for the course HISTORY 109C taught by Professor Tamari during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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MME Lec13 - The Rise of Mass Politics in Egypt Lecture 13...

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