MME Lec8 - A Perennial Conflict Lecture 8 A Perennial...

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A Perennial Conflict Lecture 8 A Perennial Conflict? The idea that Palestine was contested territory between Arabs and Jews from time immemorial is a projection of modern Nationalism backward To begin with: Jews and Arabs did not become two exclusive domains except in modern times The Jews of Palestine in the 19 th century can be divided into the ‘native’ Jews who lived in the four holy cites: Jerusalem, Hebron, Tiberious and Safad. Most of those were Arabic speaking native Jews European secular Jews lived in the coastal region and became involved in land purchasing schemes in the mid-19 th century Palestinian Response On the eve of the Mandate Palestinians were divided in their attitudes Syria: the majority wanted to be part of the movement for Arab independence under the Syrian Kingdom of Prince Faisal Ottoman: Another group (especially in Nablus and Northern provinces) continued to believe (and fight) for a confederate association with the Ottomans—even after the Ottoman were defeated in Jerusalem and (in1918) in Hittin Egypt: A third group believed in an association with Egypt under Khideval rule (Why?) Palestinian Independence: A minority believed in separation from Syria in an independent state Balfour Declaration creates new conditions
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