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Unformatted text preview: The Encounter with Europe - The Colonial Era (Nationalism and Colonialism) Lecture 5 Europe and the Oriental Question European powers, including the Central Allies of the Ottomans (Germany and Austro-Hungary) viewed the Ottoman Empire as an easy pretty on the eve of WWI It was defended in order to control it (e.g. during the campaign of Muhammad Ali) The Levant was seen through Orientalist eyes The Noble Arab Richard Burton and the Arabian Nights Eunichs in Top Kai The Levant Seen through Orientalist Eyes The capitulations established privileged treatment for European merchants and emissaries The postal services The Levant as the Holy Land Obsession on the Cultural level with the Ottoman Empire as the source of exoticism: Harem, Eunuchs, Coffeehouses, and the Spice trade But also the source of danger: The Turk as the man with the knife coming to steal you daughter By contrast the Arabs were seen as Noble PrimitivesEnnobled by Edward Lane, Richard Burton, Gertrude Bell and T.E. LawrenceRichard Burton, Gertrude Bell and T....
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