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Unformatted text preview: • Nizamiyyeh secular schools in provincial capitals • Military colleges in Baghdad, Istanvul, Aleppo, and Izmir Ending of Tax Farming • Tax farming as a system of decentralized collection of revenue • First based on Timir Sipahi • End of 18 th century based on Iltizam • Periodic auctioning of taxes to feudal lords • Multazim would collect the tithe for the High Porte (Istanbul Government) and keep a third of the revenue (tithe – biblical tax a typically 10% tax would go to ruler) • System allows for least central control and bureaucracy but very costly in terms of wastage Fiscal Measure of Tanzimat • End to poll tax (capitations) 1856 imposed on non-Muslims • Beginning to end of capitulations—not successful until 1915 • Land Code of 1858 • Provisions • Cadastral Survey • Establishment of the Tapu Land Registry End of Communal Land ownership and provisions to establish private ownership in land...
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- Spring '08
- Ottoman Empire, Hatti Serif Gulham, Modernity Hatti Serif