History HS P1 - INTERNATIONAL BACCALAURAT BACHILLERATO...

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MARKSCHEME May 2000 HISTORY Higher and Standard Level Paper 1 M00/310-315/HS(1)M BACCALAUREATE BACCALAUR&AT INTERNATIONAL INTERNACIONAL 14 pages
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SECTION A PRESCRIBED SUBJECT 1 The Russian Revolutions and the New Soviet State 1917 to 1929 [2 marks] 1. (a) According to Document A why is the Kadet Party urged to support the State Duma? [1 mark] for each of the following: the Duma is working for the good of Russia; it needs support to secure peace abroad; it has abolished the old Regime. Also allow similar points; e.g. , to support establishing peace inside Russia. [2 marks] (b) What is the message of Document E? It is an official poster which is trying to show a strong Party/Government [1 mark] and the Government is being hindered or opposed by the Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries [1 mark] . NB: Do not enter half marks but compensate where necessary between (a) and (b) for a final mark out of [4 marks] . [5 marks] 2. Using Documents C, D and E explain how Lenin and Stalin worked to secure the supremacy of the party. Document C shows Lenin using the Party Congress to obtain enforcement for his policy of keeping the Party free from disagreement and cliques. He used persuasion & criticism is essential but must be in front of the whole party; fear & the Party is surrounded by enemies; and threats & expulsion from the Party. Document D shows Stalin cajoling the proletariat to support the Party with their revolutionary spirit and selfless devotion; but they must subordinate themselves to the Party otherwise they will be purged and enemies such as the Mensheviks must be purged. Document E shows Stalin again citing political enemies, Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries, as enemies of the Revolution and hence of the party by means of propaganda in the form of a poster. Thus, there is much material to use for ±how² and candidates will probably tackle each document separately, but the more able might do it in a more structured way, seeking an all powerful Party by unity, opposing factionalism within the Party and other political parties outside, use of fear, threats, etc . The best answers will document their references clearly, and include analytical comments, but do not demand all the above for full marks. If only Lenin or Stalin is discussed then candidates can only achieve a maximum of [3 marks] . M00/310-315/HS(1)M - 7 -
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[5 marks] 3. With reference to their origin and purpose assess the value and limitations for historians studying the Russian Revolution of Documents A and B. Document A is a primary source, coming from an official political body, exhorting the members of the Kadet Party - and a wider audience - to support the State Duma. It is also a contemporary document and candidates can assume that the Central Committee was based in Petrograd. Because of the above it has value as showing support from the Kadet Party for the overthrow of the old regime and for the new provisional government, in the early days of the Revolution.
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History HS P1 - INTERNATIONAL BACCALAURAT BACHILLERATO...

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