Psychology Lab Report(Operant)

Psychology Lab Report(Operant) - Operant Method of Fish...

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Operant Method of Fish Training Lab By Preston Geisler Abstract The experiment my group and I performed focused on B.F. Skinner’s method of Operant conditioning. This method focuses on either positive or negative reinforcements based on whether the task is performed. Our experiment was to teach our Half Moon Betta fish to swim through a hoop for a reward of food. If the fish goes through the hoop in a relatively low amount of time, then it will be rewarded with food - which is a positive reinforcement. However, if the fish did not go through the hoop in under a minute, then it would be stirred in a circle until it got control of its movement once again. The Betta fish is a rather stubborn fish, so it was harder to guide it to complete the task as necessary. Using Operant conditioning to train our fish made it work harder so that it could get the positive reinforcement,which was food. Overall, the training was successful and during the last trials performed, the Betta fish went through in 2 or less seconds. Introduction The experiment was to teach a fish using one of the two methods from B.F. Skinner and Ivan Pavlov. B.F. Skinner used the Operant conditioning to get a rat to tap a button and get food, while not getting its feet burned. Ivan Pavlov used Classical conditioning to get a dog to salivate to the sound of a bell and food being presented. "Reinforcement may be contingent, not only on
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the occurrence of a response, but on special features of its topography, on the presence of prior stimuli, and on scheduling systems.” (American Psychological Association) Using Operant conditioning makes the species work to get the positive reinforcement, and not performing the task will teach the species what the outcome will be. This is an effective way of training because you learn to remember what results from not performing a task from previous trials. Behavior is a major factor in training, which is why choosing an intelligent fish to train with was an important factor when purchasing a fish. Betta and Sunburst fish were suggested to be purchased, so that training could move along in the 2 weeks we were working with them. We used a Half Moon Betta fish to conduct our experiment. Multiple tests have been performed on patients with chronic pains and other medical issues. “Operant conditioning-feedback techniques were employed to lower systolic blood pressure in seven patients with essential hypertension.” (Science AAAS) Various changes would need to be changed in order to obtain desired results. If
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