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Unformatted text preview: END OF CENTURY Gilded Age, working class movement solidified, Rejected, protested excesses of individual wealth and Social Darwinism But by end of century working class and agrarian movements suffered defeats (Homestead, Pullman, populism) Plus economic recovery, mergers, expansion abroad consolidated power of huge corporations So workers/farmers fragmented into isolated groups marked by racism and nativism, divided by gender, skill, ethnicity, etc. Era left permanent scars Death of broad working class identity Bottom line : at end of century neither government or popular movements threatened the dominance of corporate power. Workers, African Americans, immigrants, women would have to wait their turn. (MJ: Struggle continues, no?)...
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- Spring '08