Chap02 - 2. Shorter chains, halogens: alpha next 3. Numbers...

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Hydrocarbons carbon has 4 sticks saturated unsaturated alkanes alkenes alkynes Counting meth eth prop but pent hex
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hept oct non dec
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Isomerism I. Structural (constitutional) A. Functional B. Positional C. Skeletal II. Stereo A. Geometric 1. Cis (Zusammen) 2. Trans (Entgegen) B. Conformational 1. Syn 2. Anti 3. Gauche C. Optical 1. 2. Diastereomers
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3. Meso compounds
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CH 2 CHCH CH 2 CH 3 C CCH 3 C 4 H 6 C 4 H 6 FUNCTIONAL ISOMERS C 4 H 6 POSITIONAL ISOMERS CH 3 C CCH 3 C 4 H 6 CH 3 CH 2 C CH CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 CH 3 CHCH 3 CH 3 SKELETAL ISOMERS C 4 H 10 C 4 H 10
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CH 3 H CH 3 H H CH 3 H CH 3 cis C 4 H 8 trans C 4 H 8 GEOMETRIC ISOMERS CH 3 CH 3 H H H H CH 3 CH 3 H H H H syn C 4 H 10 anti C 4 H 10 CONFORMATIONAL ISOMERS
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cyclopent ane cycloprop ane CYCLOALKANES
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IUPAC NOMENCLATURE ALKANES/HALIDES 1. Longest chain first (last)
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Shorter chains, halogens: alpha next 3. Numbers before alpha "substit's" 4. Dashes and commas 5. Learn iso, sec, tert names (p50-51) NAME? (Example 2.6 p52 w/ Cl attached) CHAIR CYCLOHEXANES Cl Cl Cl Cl cis trans PHYSICAL PROP'S mp/bp vs. MW and structure solubility vs. solvent polarity density vs. IM forces C CH 2 CH 2 C H 2 CH 2 CH 3 C H 3 CH 3 C H 3 CH 3 C H 2 CH 2 C H 2 CH 2 C H 2 CH 2 C H 2 CH 3 PETROLEUM FRACTIONS Fig 2.10 p 63 natural gas gasoline kerosene/jet fuel fuel oil lubricating oil wax tar/asphalt bottoms...
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Chap02 - 2. Shorter chains, halogens: alpha next 3. Numbers...

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