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Unformatted text preview: History 51 Final 2007 ID Terms 1 Samuel Slater, born in England, emigrated to US illegally in 1789 What : Born in central England, apprenticed to an industrialist owner of a textile mill at age 14. Age 21, he finishes his indentureship, thinks the market is saturated in England, so he leaves for the US. His departure was illegal since it violated Englands monopoly on labor. In the US, he gets in touch with Moses Brown, who had been trying to develop a textile mill. Slater fixes Browns mills and gets them to function and in December, 1790, the cotton mill began making thread Moses Brown and Slater send thread to Alexander Hamilton to support manufacturing. In 1797, he founds Slaterville in RI. Slater wanted to create his own mills so that US could produce its own cloth and not have to rely on textiles in England--> patriotic motivation. Significance : The mill took the place of weaving thread. It complements agriculture, does not replace it weaving the thread into cloth was still done in agriculture households. Children were the initial labor force in the mill. Mills reduced the price of cotton from 45 cents to 9 cents. The cotton economy united the North and South economically; as a result of the mill, ideas about labor become very different in the North and South. Led to a dramatic increase in mills. Also: Rhode Island System; Slater would hire entire families with young children to work in the mills. He considered himself a social reformer by creating the mill because it provided women and children with commutative work. Lowell system does not arise until 1820s. Haitian Revolution, 1793 What : This was a slave revolt that was successful. Marked the worlds 1 st independent black nation. Haiti had been the crown jewel of French colonialism, generated the most wealth for France, center for French sugar trade, vast center for slavery. Outside of Brazil, more slaves were shipped from there in the slave trade than anywhere else. The revolution was characterized by tremendous violence on both sides. The US viewed the event as a revolt (meaning the Haitis didnt have the right to do it) instead of as a revolution (to further distance event from American Revolution). Significance : It became a terrifying image for many people in US-->scared of a successful revolt in states. Raised questions about slave system in states. Haiti depended on outside resources, so there was a lot of contact between the two. Haiti Revolution also made possible the LA Purchase. Many people in US did not want to welcome refugees from the fellow republic close to its borders, but LA...
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