Seneca Falls Convention:
Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton met in London at an abolitionist
movement event, but were denied seats as delegates. They decided to convene a
meeting for women’s rights, and 8 years later held the Seneca Falls Convention.
They passed the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments, which largely echoed
Revolution sentiments. Became the first in a series of annual meetings over
First wave feminism was largely tied with the experience of the
slave; women’s abolitionists highlighted parallels between their position and that
of slaves: voting, access to higher education, property holding, etc. Feminism was
closely linked with abolition as demonstrated by the Seneca Falls convention.
ALSO: Frederick Douglass attended the convention, so did about 40 other men,
and Douglass was a stronger supporter of suffrage for women, as he was
concerned with equal rights for blacks in the North as well, not just for ending
Samuel Slater: born in England, emigrated to US illegally in 1789
Born in central England, apprenticed to an industrialist owner of a textile
mill at age 14. Age 21, he finishes his indentureship, thinks the market is
saturated in England, so he leaves for the US. His departure was illegal since it
violated England’s monopoly on labor. In the US, he gets in touch with Moses
Brown, who had been trying to develop a textile mill. Slater fixes Brown’s mills
and gets them to function and in December, 1790, the cotton mill began making
thread– Moses Brown and Slater send thread to Alexander Hamilton to support
manufacturing. In 1797, he founds Slaterville in RI. Slater wanted to create his
own mills so that US could produce its own cloth and not have to rely on textiles
in England--> patriotic motivation).
The mill took the place of weaving thread. It complements
agriculture, does not replace it – weaving the thread into cloth was still done in
agriculture households. Children were the initial labor force in the mill. Mills
reduced the price of cotton from 45 cents to 9 cents. The cotton economy united
the North and South economically; as a result of the mill, ideas about labor
become very different in the North and South. Led to a dramatic increase in mills.
Also: Rhode Island System; Slater would hire entire families with young children
to work in the mills. He considered himself a social reformer by creating the mill
because it provided women and children with commutative work. Lowell system
does not arise until 1820’s.
William Lloyd Garrison: 1831 – publishes his newspaper
Boston abolitionist who published The Liberator, an abolitionist
newspaper, in Boston. The abolition movement was marked with religious fervor.
Garrison was a believer in Moral Suasion (as demonstrated by the use of the