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terms for final 2 - 1 Seneca Falls Convention 1848 What...

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1. Seneca Falls Convention: 1848 What: Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton met in London at an abolitionist movement event, but were denied seats as delegates. They decided to convene a meeting for women’s rights, and 8 years later held the Seneca Falls Convention. They passed the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments, which largely echoed Revolution sentiments. Became the first in a series of annual meetings over women’s rights. Significance: First wave feminism was largely tied with the experience of the slave; women’s abolitionists highlighted parallels between their position and that of slaves: voting, access to higher education, property holding, etc. Feminism was closely linked with abolition as demonstrated by the Seneca Falls convention. ALSO: Frederick Douglass attended the convention, so did about 40 other men, and Douglass was a stronger supporter of suffrage for women, as he was concerned with equal rights for blacks in the North as well, not just for ending slavery. 2. Samuel Slater: born in England, emigrated to US illegally in 1789 What: Born in central England, apprenticed to an industrialist owner of a textile mill at age 14. Age 21, he finishes his indentureship, thinks the market is saturated in England, so he leaves for the US. His departure was illegal since it violated England’s monopoly on labor. In the US, he gets in touch with Moses Brown, who had been trying to develop a textile mill. Slater fixes Brown’s mills and gets them to function and in December, 1790, the cotton mill began making thread– Moses Brown and Slater send thread to Alexander Hamilton to support manufacturing. In 1797, he founds Slaterville in RI. Slater wanted to create his own mills so that US could produce its own cloth and not have to rely on textiles in England--> patriotic motivation). Significance: The mill took the place of weaving thread. It complements agriculture, does not replace it – weaving the thread into cloth was still done in agriculture households. Children were the initial labor force in the mill. Mills reduced the price of cotton from 45 cents to 9 cents. The cotton economy united the North and South economically; as a result of the mill, ideas about labor become very different in the North and South. Led to a dramatic increase in mills. Also: Rhode Island System; Slater would hire entire families with young children to work in the mills. He considered himself a social reformer by creating the mill because it provided women and children with commutative work. Lowell system does not arise until 1820’s. 3. William Lloyd Garrison: 1831 – publishes his newspaper What: Boston abolitionist who published The Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper, in Boston. The abolition movement was marked with religious fervor. Garrison was a believer in Moral Suasion (as demonstrated by the use of the newspaper). They called for immediate removal of slavery, no colonization, and
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no compensation to slave owners.
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