Quiz #2 Study Guide - QUIZ #2 STUDY GUIDE ECONOMY- food...

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Unformatted text preview: QUIZ #2 STUDY GUIDE ECONOMY- food product ion o began in margina l areas such as the piedmont steppe - - - not too dry , close to the hi l l y f l anks , selec t i v e plan t i n g o broad spectrum revolu t i on- - - idea tha t humans began to hunt and gathe r a wider ar ray of anima ls and plan t s ; founda t i o n fo r food produc t i o n o arose independent l y in 7 places th roughou t the wor ld o ear l y cul t i v a t i o n began as an at t empt to copy, in a less favo rab l e env i r onment the dense stands of wheat and bar l e y tha t grew wi ld in the Hi l l y Flanks o benef i t s : - ver t i ca l economy: o high plateau o hi l l y f lanks where sedent ism began ( t r ans i t i o n f r om nomadic to permanent res i dence )- - - abundance of wi l d wheat , peop le eat wheat , wheat at t r a c t s animals subt r op i c a l woodland tha t f l anks the r i ve r s to the nor t h pr i o r to domest i ca t i o n , had the denses t human popu la t i o n which then spi l l e d over to adjacen t areas o piedmont steppe where food produc t i o n began t r ee - less pla i n o al luv i a l deser t r i ch , fe r t i l e so i l depos i t ed by r i ve r s and st r eams, ar i d Mesopotamian civ i l i z a t i o n arose here- Foraging socie ty o Women = gathe re r s , men = hunte r s o Egal i t a r i a n - - - no soc ia l hie ra r chy o Hunter gathere r s o Rely on natu re- Pastora l socie ty o Nomadic , herd animals o Nomadism- - - whole communi t y fo l l ows herd o Transhumance - - - set t l e d vi l l a g e- Agricu l t u r a l socie ty o Growing in sedenta r y plo t o More labo r in t ens i v e , uses domest i ca t ed animals o Usual l y needs i r r i g a t i o n , te r r a c i n g o Can suppor t la r ge popu la t i o n s- Hort i cu l t u r a l socie ty o s l ash and burn - - - no permanent erad i ca t i o n , constan t movement- Indust r i a l Society...
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This note was uploaded on 06/14/2008 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Peters during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Quiz #2 Study Guide - QUIZ #2 STUDY GUIDE ECONOMY- food...

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