ASIA 078 MIDTERM REVIEW

ASIA 078 MIDTERM REVIEW - ASIA 078 MIDTERM REVIEW “Push...

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ASIA 078 MIDTERM REVIEW “Push and Pull” theory theory that there are “push” factors that drive people to emigrate from their home country & that there are “pull” factors that drive people to immigrate to a new country General examples: PUSH: economic and political instability, social (class/caste) injustice, legality, persecution, natural disasters, adventure PULL: job, career and education opportunities, freedom, stable economy, safety, adventure, family reunification Immigrants’ Racial/physical features and their role Color of skin Language barriers Culture differences Vocation Immigration Acts: Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) Passed on May 6 th , 1882 First immigration act to ban a group of people solely on ethnicity Any Chinese currently in US could not obtain citizenship Gentlemen’s Agreement (1907) Agreement between US and Japan Japan government would no longer send contracted labor to Hawaii US would no longer discriminate against Japanese already in US Family members could still come to reunite with relatives currently in US Ladies’ Agreement (1921) Banned emigration of picture brides Nearly ended emigration from Japan completely Immigration Act (1924) Limited immigration to US, differing by each country, 2% of current people in US Excluded Asians (since previous exclusion acts) Completely prohibited immigrants from East Asia and from India Tydings-McDuffie Act (1934) All Filipinos currently in US because aliens and could no work legally Limited emigration from Philippines for 50 per year Immigration Act (1965) Lifted immigration acts against particular nations Set immigration allowances to 170,000 visas (no more than 20,000 per country) from the East hemisphere, and 120,000 visas from the Western hemisphere Family reunification was excluded, so numerous families came under this act War Bride Act (1945)
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