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Unformatted text preview: ASIA 078 MIDTERM REVIEW “Push and Pull” theory theory that there are “push” factors that drive people to emigrate from their home country & that there are “pull” factors that drive people to immigrate to a new country General examples: • PUSH: economic and political instability, social (class/caste) injustice, legality, persecution, natural disasters, adventure • PULL: job, career and education opportunities, freedom, stable economy, safety, adventure, family reunification Immigrants’ Racial/physical features and their role Color of skin Language barriers Culture differences Vocation Immigration Acts: Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) • Passed on May 6 th , 1882 • First immigration act to ban a group of people solely on ethnicity • Any Chinese currently in US could not obtain citizenship Gentlemen’s Agreement (1907) • Agreement between US and Japan • Japan government would no longer send contracted labor to Hawaii • US would no longer discriminate against Japanese already in US • Family members could still come to reunite with relatives currently in US Ladies’ Agreement (1921) • Banned emigration of picture brides • Nearly ended emigration from Japan completely Immigration Act (1924) • Limited immigration to US, differing by each country, 2% of current people in US • Excluded Asians (since previous exclusion acts) • Completely prohibited immigrants from East Asia and from India Tydings-McDuffie Act (1934) • All Filipinos currently in US because aliens and could no work legally • Limited emigration from Philippines for 50 per year Immigration Act (1965) • Lifted immigration acts against particular nations • Set immigration allowances to 170,000 visas (no more than 20,000 per country) from the East hemisphere, and 120,000 visas from the Western hemisphere • Family reunification was excluded, so numerous families came under this act War Bride Act (1945) • Allowed spouses and adopted children of US military personnel...
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- Spring '08
- japan, Immigration to the United States, War Bride Act