HSCO509 Research Paper Final draft

HSCO509 Research Paper Final draft - Running head SEXISM...

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Running head: SEXISM AND MULTICULTURAL COUNSELING 1 Sexism and Multicultural Counseling Competency Michelle Glover-Scott Liberty University
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SEXISM AND MULTICULTURAL COUNSELING 2 Abstract Multicultural counseling is characterized as the integration of cultural characteristics inside of the counseling practice. Cultural personalities alludes to the extent to which people distinguish fitting in with subgroups of different social gatherings or classifications, which comprise of race, ethnicity, disability, gender, sexual character, financial status, age and religion. Inside of each of these social classifications, one can in all probability articulate subgroup participations in which one adjust. Human services professionals, counselors included, have a special mix of social gathering participations that deliver distinctive social, political, natural, and authentic encounters to the counseling procedure. Therefore, within the counseling process, all counselors must view the counseling relationship as multifaceted. An area that can become contentious for those involved in the counseling process is the area of sexism. Such a matter can result in serious implications within the counselor-client relationship during the counseling process if not handled in an appropriate fashion. Therefore, to become multicultural competent, counselors must be cognizant of one’s own assumptions, values, and partialities; increase awareness of clients’ worldviews and culturally suitable intervention approaches in regards to sexism. All counselors should have a sharp comprehension of the effective parts that sexual orientation and sexism play in the lives of their clients and themselves. By examining various empirical data, this paper will define and discuss sexism; its history, its consequences, its relevance and implication to multicultural counseling. Key words : multicultural, sexism, gender Sexism and Multicultural Counseling Competency
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SEXISM AND MULTICULTURAL COUNSELING 3 “Sexism can be defined as individuals’ attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors, and organizational, institutional, and cultural practices that either reflect negative assessments of individuals based upon their gender or support unequal status of women and men,” (Becker, Zawadzki, & Shields, 2014) or simply put, the oppression of individuals based on gender . “Understanding what factors contribute to sexist attitudes remains an important area of inquiry in the United States and worldwide because women continue to face overt and covert gender bias and discrimination in various domains,” (Rosenthal, Levy & Militano, 2014, p. 519). Over the past years, multicultural counseling has extended to incorporate the association of various cultural identities. (Hays & Erford, 2014). It is important to understand that multicultural competency concerning sexism should be tended to through expanded counselor attention to one's own suppositions, values, and predispositions with respect to gender identity and gender expression; and socially fitting therapeutic procedures (Hays & Erford, 2014).
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