PPT_Chapter_22 - Psychotherapeutic Agents Chapter 22 Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams Wilkins Psychotherapeutic Agents Used to

PPT_Chapter_22 - Psychotherapeutic Agents Chapter 22...

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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Psychotherapeutic Agents Chapter 22
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Psychotherapeutic Agents Used to treat psychoses perceptual and behavioral disorders Drugs do not cure the disorder help patients function in a more acceptable manner and carry on activities of daily living Used in both children and adults
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Mental Disorders and Their Classification Schizophrenia Mania/Bipolar Disease Narcolepsy Attention-Deficit Disorder
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Schizophrenia Characteristics Hallucinations, paranoia, delusions, speech abnormalities, and affective problems Causes Strong genetic association May reflect a fundamental biochemical abnormality
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Mania/Bipolar Illness Characteristics Mania: Periods of extreme overactivity and excitement Bipolar illness: Extremes of depression followed by hyperactivity and excitement Cause May reflect a biochemical imbalance followed by overcompensation on the part of neurons and their inability to re-establish stability
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Narcolepsy Characteristics Daytime sleepiness and sudden periods of loss of wakefulness Causes Problems with stimulation of the brain by the reticular activating system (RAS) Problems with response to that stimulation
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Characteristics of Attention-Deficit Disorders Inability to concentrate on one activity for longer than a few minutes State of hyperkinesis Usually diagnosed in school-aged children, but can occur in adults
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Sites of Action of the Drugs Used to Treat Mental Disorders
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Classifications of Antipsychotics Typical Primarily dopamine receptor blockers Cause several adverse effects including hypotension, anticholinergic effects, and extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) Atypical
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