h 7 - Chapter 8: Alcohol (Ethanol) Ethanol yields 7 kcal/g...

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Chapter 8: Alcohol (Ethanol) Ethanol yields 7 kcal/g Why is ethanol not considered to be a nutrient? CH 3 CH 2 OH
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14g alcohol per 5 fluid ounces
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pg.261b 13g alcohol per12 fluid ounces
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pg.272 14 g alcohol/1.5 fluid ounce
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Alcohol Abuse Contributes to the leading causes of death Combined with tobacco, increases the risk for esophageal and oral cancer Risk for CVD, nutritional deficiencies, fetal damage, obesity, cancer, osteoporosis, brain damage, impotence, sleep disturbance, etc.
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Alcohol Absorption Via simple diffusion Depends on Rate of stomach emptying Intake of certain drugs Type of beverage consumed Distributed wherever water is found in the body Moves easily through the cell membranes Damage the cell membranes Liver cell damage
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Pathways for Alcohol Metabolism
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MEOS Pathway Excessive alcohol intake Occurs in the liver ADH cannot keep up with demand Used to metabolize drugs, foreign substances, and alcohol Increase alcohol metabolism, thus, alcohol tolerance Uses ATP in the process (leading to weight loss) Potential for drug overdose
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h 7 - Chapter 8: Alcohol (Ethanol) Ethanol yields 7 kcal/g...

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