Learning - Learning A relatively permanent change in...

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Learning n A relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of experience ¨ Classical conditioning ¨ Operant conditioning ¨ Observational learning
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A dog with a bite + Bite Fear
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FEAR
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Terminology n Unconditioned stimulus (US) ¨ This stimulus will always elicit a reflexive response n Unconditioned response (UR) ¨ The response that is elicited by the unconditioned stimulus
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Unconditioned stimulus n A stimulus that elicits a reflexive response n Food in the mouth (US) will elicit (cause) salivation (UR)
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Conditioned stimulus n Conditioned stimulus (CS) ¨ A stimulus that does not automatically elicit a reflexive response n Conditioned response (CR) ¨ When the CS elicits a response, the response is called the conditioned response
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Pavlov n “psychic reflexes” n A light (CS) elicits salivation (CR)
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Acquisition n Pairing the CS and the US together for several trials n The CS predicts the presentation of the US
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Testing n CS is presented alone n Get the conditioned response (CR) n Conditioning has occurred
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Fear conditioning and Little Albert n John B. Watson wanted to show that fears could be learned n He was influenced by the work of Pavlov and was refuting a claim by Freud that fears were due to issues in the unconscious.
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This note was uploaded on 06/16/2008 for the course PSY 201 taught by Professor Skaggs during the Fall '07 term at Oregon State.

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Learning - Learning A relatively permanent change in...

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