Research Methods

Research Methods - Research methods 1 minute paper Why is...

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Research methods
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1 minute paper Why is it important that psychology use the scientific method?
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Scientific Method Observe Detect regularities Generate a hypothesis Observe to test hypothesis
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Where to start? Theories Idea or model about how something works
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Examples Gender identity is determined by the environment Wearing dresses, playing with dolls, and helping mom around the house results in a “girl” identity Wearing blue, playing with trucks, and helping dad fix the car results in a “boy” identity
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The theory needs to be tested
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Hypothesis Testable prediction of what you should observe Confirmed or rejected
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Operational definitions Definition of psychological concepts and how the concepts are measured
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Who is studied in psychological research? Population Complete set of people researcher wants to know about Sample Collection of participants selected from that population for observation in a study.
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Random sample Everyone in population has an equal chance of being selected
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Research designs Experimental research Correlational research Descriptive research
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The Experiment Looks for causes of behavior Laboratory setting Manipulation of variables
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Independent variable The “cause” Manipulated by the researcher Dependent variable The “effect” Measured by the researcher
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Research Methods - Research methods 1 minute paper Why is...

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