1492 to ?
The Last of the Jews and Muslims are Expelled from Spain.
Friday, 3 August 1492. Set sail from the bar of Saltes [Palos] at 8 o'clock, and
proceeded with a strong breeze till sunset, sixty miles or fifteen leagues south, afterwards
southwest and south by west, which is the direction of the Canaries.”
* New world sighted at 2:00 a.m. by Rodrigo de Triana,
Arrives at Cuba, Oct. 29.
* Martín Alonso Pinzón, captain of the Pinta, deserts the expedition off Cuba, Nov. 22.
arrives at Hispaniola, Dec. 5.
Santa Maria sinks off Hispaniola. Columbus founds La Navidad, Dec. 25.
Antonio Nebrija writes the first Grammar of the Castilian language and declared in the
preface: “I have found one conclusion to be very true, that language always accompanies
empire, both have always commenced, grown and flourished together.”
Here follow the precise words of the Admiral:
"As I saw that they were very friendly to us, and perceived that they could be much more
easily converted to our holy faith by gentle means than by force, I presented them with
some red caps, and strings of beads to wear upon the neck, and many other trifles of
small value, wherewith they were much delighted, and became wonderfully attached to
us. Afterwards they came swimming to the boats, bringing parrots, balls of cotton thread,
javelins, and many other things which they exchanged for articles we gave them, such as
glass beads, and hawk's bells; which trade was carried on with the utmost good will. But
they seemed on the whole to me, to be a very poor people. They all go completely naked,
even the women, though I saw but one girl. All whom I saw were young, not above thirty
years of age, well made, with fine shapes and faces; their hair short, and coarse like that
of a horse's tail, combed toward the forehead, except a small portion which they suffer to
hang down behind, and never cut. Some paint themselves with black, which makes them
appear like those of the Canaries, neither black nor white; others with white, others with
red, and others with such colors as they can find.
Some paint the face, and some the whole body; others only the eyes, and others the nose.
Weapons they have none, nor are acquainted with them, for I showed them swords which
they grasped by the blades, and cut themselves through ignorance. They have no iron,
their javelins being without it, and nothing more than sticks, though some have fish-
bones or other things at the ends. They are all of a good size and stature, and handsomely
formed. I saw some with scars of wounds upon their bodies, and demanded by signs the
of them; they answered me in the same way, that there came people from the other
islands in the neighborhood who endeavored to make prisoners of them, and they
defended themselves. I thought then, and still believe, that these were from the continent.
It appears to me, that the people are ingenious, and would be good servants and I am of