206Ex1_KEY_2007 - Halt: K Boninefi Tyiefcii‘. 206,...

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Unformatted text preview: Halt: K Boninefi Tyiefcii‘. 206, spring/2007 -/ Go A m 3 YOUR NAME: ‘/ Q 7 Environmental Biology 206 EXAM l 12 February 2007 (exam worth 100 points) Until about 1990, where did Cubans at many of the resources that helped them grow food? (0.5 points) m gov/1‘77L “Mala Multigle Choice (questions have only one correct answer; 16.5 points total; 1.5 points each) 1 Most ulcers are caus d by: a) Goat’s milk,®-lelicobacter pylori, c) Tabasco sauce, d) stress, e) none of these answers. 2. What is the iea ing cause of species or population declines? a) disease b habitat loss, c) pollution, d) alien species, e) over exploitation 3. On average, what percent of the useful energy in organisms at one trophic level is passed on to the next, higher trophic level? a) 5%,@10%, c) 15%, d) 25%, e) 75% 4. The amount of water required to make a pound of beef in the US. is equivalent to: One person not showering for a year .. about 50,000 gallons c. about 1,000 gallons d. None of the above 9. Two of the above 5. What proportion of th energy you eat is converted to biomass in your body? a. 0% b 1% c. 15% d. 33% e. 67% 6. A commensalism is an interaction between two species in which a. both species benefit. one species benefits and one is not affeCted. c. one species benefits and one is hurt. d. both species are hurt. e. one species is hurt and one is not affected. 7. According to Kathy Gerst, what percent of transplanted exotic species become invasive? a. 0% (9 1% c. 5% d. 10% e. 33% 168. Which of the following do not contribute to global weather patterns? a. Hadley cells b. The great ocean conveyor belt 0. The greenhouse effect d. Photosynthesis (9 All of the above contribute to global weather patterns 9. Which of the following is not typical of invasive species? a. Great dispersal ability or migratory tendencies Limited geographic distribution c. Early maturation and short generation time d. Capacity for clonal/asexual reproduction a. Small body size 10. According to your Costanza et al. (1997) reading, what is an average estimate of the economic value of ecosystem services? a) $18 billion, in) $330 billion, c) $18 trillion, 33 trillion, e) $188 trillion 11. Which amount above was the global GNP (gross nationai product) estimate for ~1995? W 2 Bonine & Tyler, ECOL 206, spring 2007 Fill in the Blank (2 points per blank; 22 points total) 1. Rhizobium bacteria in the root nodules of legumes convert N w I into a form that ptants can use. 2. C02 + H20 + solar energy 9 C6H1206 + I 0L M is a chemical reaction known as “flu”? / . , 3. Life first evolved on this planet about 3.5 ’/b‘r//h"“ years ago. 4. Granite is an example of (MIN-Stif" ’ [3fme rock. 3% grid enwmnments. is an example of a trait exhibited by plants adapted to living in 6. The lPAT equation explains the Impact of a society on the environment in terms of Poktw , Affluence and . 7. 21;: £5 {7%le is one of the four ecological impacts of invasive speci s. l. M. 5 8. Please give two examples of ecosystem services discussed in class: “(a a) b) , 49., n Really Short Answer (about a sentence; 39 points total; 3 points each) 3, Jim . 1. List two of the three types of natural resources discussed in class. ‘1 M‘nkljfl’fih I M.’/ arm/blitz ,nomtmwdbo/ 2. What are three of the six steps of the scientific method? (2ng {$8me IIWo/ficjc? Wait/(ml 719/4, ran/ff t; 3. How is energy quality related to entropy? a” 7M ‘9‘“ “7L1W‘M7 7‘” AW MAI/IQ ado )2 gawk. I? a W'l/W‘e a; #7]? 4qu fin 4. What are the products of cellular respiration? Caz/f #‘I/O 7" 5. Why were Cane Toads introduced to Australia? Have they done what they were supposed to d°? +0 ub'gawév/ on aujmi ’10 2k 6. How does the hot tiquid core of the planet contribute to the phenomenon of plate tectonics? filmy, an flab/m7 [Lar/urgcc/h—t ‘IoWM/s 60nd ML #7144 /47—(/f 71cm. hfth {MY/flWfl/fl7 Me, Ham/t Ft (org/(unfit? /;7 MM. 3 Bonine & Tyler, ECOL 206, spring 2007 7. What is different about the Pacific Ocean during El Nifio and non-El Nifio years? J _ «MW in mfim fiq‘sé J/c (WWW/4 no ‘ / _ Wm M W m7 m, JMMW 8. What IS an ecosystem? ,4 “flag” 0F b:a+ic Owe abbot COMszc-HLS ;n+e,qc+.\43 A,” F; run 614 ecolo‘s; 0-,] ,Oni-Ig 9, What are two important factors that determine ecosystem productivity? WW k I, «av/#749} . . . 7 10. What are the ilnear dimensmns of a hectare. [mm X Mom 11. Where in the global ecosystem is the largest pool of carbon? v ,y] 7%,, 5&4? “um 12. List two of the three eras since the Precambrian. 31w wu‘c' Mia/Kc, WWI‘C 13. What determines the distribution and abundance of organisms? V .i fflMMlL‘ fPI‘Ct/wlfifibA /07%1/ “fin/W Short Answer (22 pts total; 5.5 pts each; a few complete se tences required) 1. What does an ecological footprint measure? What are typically the top three contributors to the size of an individual’s ecological footprint? fro/I’ll?” @n'hf' Maser/11f an (W/I'V/W/g fir” ‘0 MMonfl’t ("Wham/l/ £14 (Movwkaffigg/ AM/fifi/ vafifi emng 7 u mf/fi 74 [anqu f/Lc/txounc; fir fie/Mm/u4 {Ff/v, coma r 74’ 4’1 No e at a l: I? 79“ ‘75,!”7436‘7 M AWL/£14264 a; 4% / Win/W Coma l MM mllfibklw 5M»; I ’ Z 545. I} M 5244/5 a; /f£ an mfg/a *4‘10’W m/v/ humanng mg; m NWV’S/ maul dimilt, (dim/MW, V’ltpgxal’ ,9; anw’ fro/ow W 57’2, r 4 Bonine & Tyler, ECOL 206, spring 2007 3. Explain what Daniel Quinn‘s goal was in writing Ishmael. How do you think Aldo Leopold would react to the book's main premise? Why do you think he would react that way? pmfi/ M9737 M «twin/é fir/r I; (/fW‘qc/V): are»); 7L, Willy) hum/7! alt/fme 7/914/MW M/ 17% n»er Iva/r M/frv/W/ if 17% 704/ ii Vtflé zé {/b/é / 7% mlér #74 54/7/17 411/ 427571 ’ /A/:/o [en/9M wM/ M wfl gin/tin n5 7%0 ankao/o/J aflfm him/t a}! IL/f [WWI/f 4W fl J/fl; l0; / ayM/rlw; I nff’ film/:4 61/ mob/1, as m’ Wig/f W794; v M out I Man‘s ‘foul’ )JenK 4. How is Easter islan a useful metaphor for the environmental challenges facing humans in 2007? 534/ fé/mu/ find/Ur) Mia/k] WAN“ q o bw/d/C of 11% Ba/‘fllfie I hn/ Milli/Wow“, ofdgé/ 11 nm/ um: dflm/gém g/fk/Y kmc 411/1’1/31944/4 7%47 flrérmcr/ 7%; 3/6/24 flmg/ [474/17 efgfioflgs/ flfi/ [OW/fl flit/17% (2.4 flu, AM Wt/ fl/r 0W (Why/’11 («fa/74y. m M /Z {Ml/A447 4n 01%de in WZOAV fl/flém/ MIL“ 760$. griffin/3 0/4/ Mat/rm fir {DJ/PQWF' {(9% do m/flm/ fl «Kb/or 4/1047; M5 art gnaw/17, flan Wm: dgéfl/ a rt/M/ 7m/1247 1p M fit? 4/1047] mil/7%L fl/fli/V" 0/ ‘ aqua?!“ (Ml/é u/{M ML {Al/"t flak “(J/“w. ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/16/2008 for the course ECOL 206 taught by Professor Mr.g during the Spring '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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206Ex1_KEY_2007 - Halt: K Boninefi Tyiefcii‘. 206,...

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