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PHI2396 - Notes on ethics and respect for autonomy

PHI2396 - Notes on ethics and respect for autonomy - Ethics...

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Ethics and Respect for Autonomy Ethics of Care Ethics of Care: focuses on a set of character traits that people all deeply value in close personal relationships: sympathy, compassion, fidelity, love friendship, etc. 1) Contextual response, attentiveness to subtle clues and discernment are more important that EQUAL TREATMENT (Kantianism) 2) They argue that moral decisions require a sensitivity to the situation as well as an awareness of beliefs, feelings, atttidues and concerns of the people involved. (vs. Duty in Kantianism, and virtuous motivation in virtue ethics) 3) In health care each situation calls for different responses and behaviour even if it invades privacy. Ethical Principles Principle: a fundamental standard of conduct from which other moral standards and judgements draw support for their defence. 3 general principles in bioethics: 1) Respect for autonomy 2) Beneficence 3) Justice Respect for Autonomy Autonomy: a personal rule for self - Acting freely in accordance with a self-chosen plan - Personal rules free from limitations that prevent meaningful choice o i.e. inadequate understanding
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*SOMEONE WHO HAS NO AUTONOMY IS...
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