PHI2396 - Notes on kantianism and virtue ethics

PHI2396 - Notes on kantianism and virtue ethics -...

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Unformatted text preview: Kantianism and Vi rtue Ethics (+ criticism) Kantianism: Kantianism: deontologicalism; to do what is morally right you must look to rules or principles a) Theorists: Immanuel Kant b) Theories: non-consequentialism, neglects specifics, rejects desire (b/c too many different and conflicting desires, and desires always change) i) Duty from rules of reason: its not enough to do the morally right thing you have to do what is your duty; acting out of respect and obligation. i.e visiting grandparents * Action only has moral worth when performed by someone who possesses a good will. ii) Categorical Imperative: the moral law; means absolute; prescription of what must be done regardless of what we desire. morality has rules with no exceptions i.e. do not kill with no exceptions Prima Facie Obligation: general obligations we must follow [vs. UT I L ITAR IAN ] Hypothetical Imperatives: rules/prescriptions we have to follow depending on what we desire....
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This note was uploaded on 06/17/2008 for the course PHI 2396 taught by Professor Young during the Winter '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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PHI2396 - Notes on kantianism and virtue ethics -...

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