PHI2396 - Notes on general and specific beneficence and nonmalificence

PHI2396 - Notes on general and specific beneficence and nonmalificence

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General and Specific Beneficence: Specific beneficence: refers to beneficent act directed towards those who fulfill special relationships to us, and or arise in specific situations (THESE ARE OBLIGED BENFICENCE) I.E. PARENTS CHILDREN (They are responsible for their existence) PHYSICIAN PATIENTS (They are responsible to help them) (1) Rescue, (2) roles/relationships General Beneficence: refers to beneficent acts directed toward those with who we have NO SPECIAL connection with; except morally. (1) Reciprocity Obligations of general beneficence: Ross says...” sending money to kids in Africa is important” Shelly Keagan: she promotes overall good - She says there is no limit on beneficent obligations - Thinks ideal beneficence and supererogatory acts should be put in with obligatory beneficence. Criticism: too idealistic, impractical, morally wrong (to have to choose between your children and a stranger)
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Peter Singer: obligation to benefit to the EXTENT that the suffering caused to oneself does NOT EXCEED the suffering you relive in others.
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