PHI2396 - Notes on utilitarianism (deontology) and is vs. ought

PHI2396 - Notes on utilitarianism (deontology) and is vs. ought

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THE DEONTOLOGICAL PRINCIPLE Is vs. Ought Is: a description or fact, i.e. “Fetus’ are not persons” * Ought: a prescription or value, i.e. “What must be done to be morally right” * In ethics , philosophers offer these prescriptions Utilitarianism Utiliarianism: consequentialism; that an action is right if its consequences bring more good than bad i.e. torturing someone for information a) Theorists: Mill and Bentham (They are Hedonists : think only happiness – vs. Pluralists, which seek things OTHER THAN pleasure and happiness; friendship, knowledge.) b) Theories: didn’t rely on faith or “God”, because religion is questionable i) Greatest Happiness Principle/ Principle of utilities: Act X is morally right iff X maximizes everyone’s happiness, pleasure or desires and preferences. c) Characteristics: i) maximizing principle: giving up things you like (giving money/time) to maximize good Criticism: there are limits to being a moral agent; theory expects TOO much ii) what is good:
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This note was uploaded on 06/17/2008 for the course PHI 2396 taught by Professor Young during the Winter '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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PHI2396 - Notes on utilitarianism (deontology) and is vs. ought

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