John Locke - John Locke Essay Concerning Human Understanding 1690 Royal society of London 1660 o Worlds first scientific society Innate ideas(Plato

John Locke - John Locke Essay Concerning Human...

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John LockeEssay Concerning Human Understanding, 1690Royal society of London, 1660oWorld’s first scientific societyInnate ideas (Plato, Descartes)Tabula Rasa, blank stateLocke favoured everything that Hobbes stood againstLocke is known as a political philosopheroHe sees the state as a solutionCan matter think?DescartesDiscourse on Method (1637)[it is] not merely….that animals have less reason than men but that they have none a all…they donot have a mind….it is nature that acts in them, according to the disposition of their organs-just as one sees that a clock made only of wheels and springs can count the hours and measure time more accurately than we can with all our powers of reflective deliberation.After the error of those who deny God….there is nothing that leads to weak minds further form straight path of virtue than that of imagining that the souls of the beasts are of the same nature as ours. It must be possible for “machines” to thinkLiving bodies our own included are machinesDescartes worked near the boom of physiologyoWilliam Harvey identified the heart as a pump, its motions, its purpose, its systemoRobert Hooke studied the proper usage and functions of the microscopeThe more that people learned about life, anatomy, microscopic dimensions, and physiology the more useful Descartes theory of machines seemed trueThe problem with his theory was the notion that animals and human machines cannot thinkHobbes has no problem o conceiving a machine that is capable of emotions, and thinkingLocke was less certain then Hobbes in terms of the souloSometimes he agrees with DescartesoAnd other times he agrees with HobbesoAnd other times he does not know the answer as he is confusedoHe does not definitively say that the soul existsHe is not afraid to admit that he does not knowDescartes and Hobbes did not think that we were in any ignorance of the thing in us that thinks
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