self vs other 1 - Revised December 5, 2007 Anthr 200...

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Revised December 5, 2007 Anthr 200 Section 5 Theories of Otherness I.) Barth A.) Criticizes earlier conceptions of culture as stagnant 1.) Claimed earlier studies only characterized specific traits and practices of cultures 2.) Barth separated culture as specific, changing practices from an ethnicity B.) Ethnic identity is a feature of social organization. 1.) Highly situational, not primordial. 2.) Dependent on ascription and self-ascription. 3.) Should not be associated w/ national affiliation or ethnicity. a.) Nations had previously been defined as people with one culture, language, and history which ruled its own territory. b.) Competition among nations has driven industrialization and expansion. C.) It is hard to describe social groups with boundaries. 1.) “Ethnic identity is made by the people involved through the selective construction of interethnic boundaries.” 2.) General theory of self/other imagination and distinction. 3.) Identity is primarily based on recognition of similar cultural practices
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self vs other 1 - Revised December 5, 2007 Anthr 200...

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