3.18.08 - Class 17 Week 9 (3/18/08) Nicaragua -1996...

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Class 17 Week 9 (3/18/08) Nicaragua -1996 Elections and aftermath El Salvador -Similarities with Nicaragua Key differences Spread of Coffee -Oligarchies rule -Oligarchy/Military Alliance -Growth of Political Parties -Soccer War Read Wilkison book about Guatemala b/c guest speaker will be here after spring break Review of last lecture two weeks ago -Talked of last years of Sandinista governing (latter half of 1980s) -a major shift of policies to emphasize small farming -Revolution went through a process of institutionalization that included drafting of constitution and -1988 Economic reform -Esquipulas, Guatemala Peace Accords 1987 -Peoples desire for improved relations with US had impact on way people voted in 1990 -UNO democratic party brought on some changes to economic conditions New government of 1990 in Nicaragua -impact on agrarian reform beneficiaries -life became harder and harder, some squeeze out of land received in reform -Unemployment and Underemployment (people do not have a steady job, look for job on day to day basis) this category of persons was recognized to be at 60% of population -could be seen in increase of prostitution, begging on streets, street and property crime (crime directed at trying to obtain some kind of property, so theft is an example) -UN calculated 80% living below poverty line by 1995 -Health care and medical sector incredibly weakened (this had a huge impact on people living below poverty line) -Concentration of income of 1980 and 1990 in Nicaragua on Thursday 1996 Elections Nicaraguan electorate voted in an even more conservative government Arnoldo Alemán had been mayor of Managua 1990-1996 From beginning he followed example set as he was mayor Use political power to expand personal wealth In 1999 most observers looked a whole lot like Somoza dynasty but with out the repression In 2003 convicted of embezzlement, money laundering, and corruption sentenced to 20 year prison term, however used money to get out
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After another conservative presidency by Enrique Bolanos the FSLN regained the presidency in 2006 However, The FSLN very distinct in comparison to party that was in power in 1980s They are no longer talking about redistribution or a logic of majority, but rather engaged in distribution to poor, but going along with economic model that was put in place in 1990s ON international fornt the Nicaraguan government has worked very much siding with the left in Ecuador and Venezuela, while its own internal policies than what right wing governments had put in place Over the 16 years that Sandinista was out of government moved much more to right and more interested in gaining control of power and providing a more equitable power holding Nicaragua has also hardened its stance on abortion- whereas in 1980s they were for choice El Salvador Nicaragua and El Salvador have many similarities -share common heritage of economic development that has not allowed for full diversification which meant that large part of population would experience poverty, skewed concentration of
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3.18.08 - Class 17 Week 9 (3/18/08) Nicaragua -1996...

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