4.8.08 - Sociology 187 Lecture Notes 8 April 2008 Guatemala...

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Sociology 187 Lecture Notes 8 April 2008 Guatemala Similarities w/Nicaragua and El Salvador Economic Diversification in Liberal Era Role of Military “Democratic Revolution” Counter Rev. Alliance for Progress Growth w/out Reform Review from last lecture 1992 Peace Accord in ES -but there were problems that could keep ES from long-lasting peace, especially probs with the implementation of social and economic reforms Guatemala Similarities w/Nicaragua and ES Many of the same problems that led N and ES into civil war were also present in Guate: -military and state structure that has supported the status quo -agro-export dependency -concentration of agro resources concentration in income tremendous poverty/inequality Formed part of the “Kingdom of Guatemala” in the colonial area -command center for Spanish crown Also experienced struggles btwn liberals and conservatives after independence from Spain Economic Diversification in Liberal Era 1871: Liberal govt. came into power w/ Justo Rufino Barrios -one of most important social reformers: architect of Guatemala’s liberal reform -reform eliminated communal land holdings and created mechanisms to acquire peasant land -at their core, these reforms declared communal properties of indigenous to be private, and thus acquirable -expansion of Guatemala’s exports (coffee) was possible b/c of this
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This note was uploaded on 06/17/2008 for the course SOC 187 taught by Professor Enriquez during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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4.8.08 - Sociology 187 Lecture Notes 8 April 2008 Guatemala...

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